Founded in 1949, FISU stands for Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire (International University Sports Federation). FISU's main responsability is the supervision of both the Summer and Winter Universiades, as well as the World University Championships. The General Assembly representing its members (170 National University Sports Federations) is FISU's main governing body. It elects for a four-year period the Executive Committee, which takes all the necessary decisions for the smooth running of FISU. Fourteen permanent commissions advise the Executive Committee in their specialised areas, thus facilitating its duties. FISU is funded through subscription, organising and entry fees, television incomes and marketing activities.
The Universiade is an international sporting and cultural festival which is staged every two yearsin a different city. The Summer Universiade consists of 10 compulsory sports with 13 compulsory disciplines (Athletics - Basketball - Fencing - Football - Artistic Gymnastics - Rhythmic Gymnastics - Judo - Swimming - Diving - Water-Polo - Table Tennis - Tennis - Volleyball) and up to three optional sports chosen by the host country. The record figures are 11,785 participants in Kazan, Russia in 2013 and 174 countries in Daegu, Korea, in 2003. TheWinter Universiade consists of 6 compulsory sports with 10 compulsory disciplines (Alpine Skiing - Snowboarding - Ski Jumping - Cross-Country skiing - Nordic combined - Curling - Ice Hockey - Short Track Speed Skating - Figure Skating - Biathlon) and one or two optional sports, also chosen by the host country. It reached a record of 2,668 participants in Trentino, Italy, in 2013 and a record number of 52 countries in Erzurum, Turkey, in 2011.
The World University Championships
FISU's other important sporting events are the World University Championships (WUC). The development of university sport in the world created a new series of meets and competitions to complete the Universiade programme. FISU supports those competitions which represent the continuity of university sport and allow the federation to be better known. In 2014, FISU staged 28 WUCs, which attracted 6,6448 participants. In 2016 we will have 34 events! The WUC sports programme comprises: American Football - Archery - Badminton - Baseball - Basketball 3x3 - Beach Volleyball - Boxing - Bridge - Canoe Sprint - Canoe slalom - Cheerleading - Chess - Cross Country - Cycling - Equestrian - Floorball - Futsal - Golf - Handball - Karate - Korfball - Modern Pentathlon - Netball - Orienteering - Roller Sport - Rowing - Rugby Sevens - Sailing - Sambo - Shooting Sports - Ski Jumping and Nordic Combined - Ski Orienteering - Speed Skating - Sport Climbing - Squash - Triathlon - Waterskiing - Weightlifting - Woodball - Wrestling - Wushu.
The Universiades and Championships are open to all student athletes that have not been out of university or an equivalent institution for more than a year, and that are aged between 17 and 28. Any association which is a member of FISU may enter a team or an individual competitor. Entries are accepted from any country eligible for the Olympic Games and from any national federation affiliated to the appropriate international federation.
The History of Karate in FISU
France always wishes to be a pioneer. It was its university sports association, FFSU, which staged the first archery WUC in 1996. In 1998, the FFSU came forward with the organisation of the first World University Karate Championship. Several considerations prompted FFSU to stage this championship. Firstly, this sport has always had sheer popularity in France, with its more than 200,000 licensed adherents. Secondly, it was out of consideration for France's best karate record-holders. And finally, FFSU received the absolute backing of the French Karate Federation, with which it has excellent relations. So, with an elaborate organisation, France welcomed 238 athletes from 31 countries. This first World University Karate Championship had a tremendous success, both in terms of number of participants and organisation level. Indeed, all the athletes present had to fight hard to win selection by distinguishing themselves in their national junior and/or senior championships. The second edition of the World University Karate Championship was staged in Kyoto, Japan, in 2000, in which 36 countries participated. The event was organised by the National Sports Federation of Japan. The great success of participation and the high level of the competition opened up new possibilities for this sport within FISU. Enormous interest took world university karate to the highest position with respect to the number of participants. In the 2006 edition staged in New York, USA, the record of participating countries was broken. This time 42 countries from all over the world were there. This record was broken once again in 2010 in Podgorica, Montenegro, which welcomed 378 karatekas from 44 countries for an excellent championship.
2014 – 9th WUC Karate – Bar (MNE)
2012 - 8th WUC Karate Bratislava (SVK)
2010 - 7th WUC Karate - Podgorica (MNE)
2008 - 6th WUC Karate - Wroclaw (POL)
2006 - 5th WUC Karate - New York (USA)
2004 - 4th WUC Karate - Belgrade (SCG)
2002 - 3rd WUC Karate - Puebla (MEX)
2000 - 2nd WUC Karate - Kyoto (JPN)
1998 - 1st WUC Karate - Lille (FRA)